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This article comes with a free business plan for a Cow Fattening business in Nigeria.
CATTLE FATTENING METHODS, TECHNIQUES, AND TIPS
A fat cow would put a smile on the face of a cattle owner because it means more profit as fatter cows are sold for more money as they yield more meat, fattening cows has become one of the trends in the beef production business, this act is already being widely adopted and is emerging rapidly for its merits of employment and income provision for farmers that can’t keep up with the technological trends in agriculture due to lack of funds or enlightenment.
Still wondering how to start a cow fattening business in Nigeria?
Cattle beef fattening is a practice that solely involves the feeding of beef cattle with a protein balanced, high-energy feed for a stipulated time while restricting the movement of the animal to reduce its activities to increase meat yield.
a. Cattle for fattening
Getting the cattle to be fattened is the first process of the practice and this involves getting healthy cattle, a healthy animal is responsive, sharp eyes, smooth hair coat, and a slightly damp muzzle.
Factors to consider are the breed of cattle, gender, maturity type, and age. This is because different types of cattle have a different reaction to the fattening procedure, some cattle are more fitting for the process than others.
b. Suitability of the Area or Locality
The amount of feed and the value and quality of feed consumed by cattle has a noticeable effect on beef production, therefore feeding must be adequate and also possess the nutrients needed to ensure their rapid increase in size and weight. Grass pasture, grains, and roughages supplemented with protein, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, and fats are the nutritional requirements of cattle that is expected to increase in weight and size, feed ingredients such as rice straw, corn stover, copra meal, rice bran, and molasses should be always available and should take up a large part of their diet.
Adverse weather conditions might take a toll on the health of the cattle and in turn, this will slow down the fattening process, and this could disrupt the plan as commercial cattle fattening has to be carried out precisely. Proper housing and equipment are very important in a successful cattle rearing and in turn very important to cattle fattening. Bamboo poles can be erected as walls with a roof that will provide shade for the animal, the flooring can be prepared with concrete or gravel and sand.
d. Selection of Fattening Cattle
These factors have to be considered if your fattening plan is to yield enough meat which will in turn yield projected profits;
- Age- Younger animals need a longer feeding period. Older animals get shorter time for fattening. The preferred age of cattle for fattening is 2 to 3 years old.
- Steers (castrated males) are chosen than heifers due to their intrinsic capacity to gain weight.
- Disposition- An active yet docile steer will definitely grow faster and will fatten easily. A restless one will waste too much energy.
- Constitution and Vigor- A large feeding capacity, a strong appetite, show good constitution, and vigor.
- Breed- Improved breeds gain weight quicker with less feed than native animals.
e. Feed and Nutrition
The best feed used to achieve the desired and quick fattening of cows is barley, coming behind are oats, triticale, sorghum, maize, and oats, but note you can’t feed cows oats alone if fattening is your goal, it always has to be mixed with any of the aforementioned feed. Hay is the best source of roughage.
It’s very essential that you provide the right quantity and type of feed to your cattle. The success of cattle fattening business depends on the ability of the cattle to gain weight and to make high-quality beef.
There are companies that sell fattening cattle stock feeds. These are complete, balanced feeds, which are planned for fattening cattle in feedlots over 90 days. The stock feeds are high energy fattening meals that have all the nutrients necessary for ad-lib cattle pen fattening.
You can also make your own cattle beef fattening feeds in your backyard if you are a bit persnickety about the source of your stock’s feed. The quantity of feed consumed by the cattle daily will depend on factors such as live weight and age of the cattle. Generally, it averages between 8 to 15kg per head per day and 3.4% of a steer’s live mass per day. The average daily weight gain of cattle at 350Kg live mass is about 1.6Kg.
Feed formulation for fattening
Preparation of cattle feed by a combination of urea with straw
- Firstly, a large type of basket is taken and plastered with mud then dried.
- And then 20 liters of water is taken with a bucket
- Urea about 1 kg is mixed with that water
- The large type of basket is fulfilled with straw in this way.
- The large type of basket is covered with polythene after filling it and kept it tied.
- After 10 to 12 days, the straw will be taken out of the basket and will be kept outside for sun drying.
- After the sun drying straw will be appropriate for feeding.
- Generally, cattle must be supplied with a straw that is mixed with 3 kg of urea.
- Each day, 300 to 400 gm of molasses should be mixed with straw.
Marketing of fattened cattle
After 90 days, the animals should weigh over 300kg, this marks their ripeness for the slaughterhouse. Proper handling of animals should be ensured during transport as the otherwise can cause injuries or even death of the cattle. Cattle shouldn’t be overfed prior to transportation and also they should be cramped up in the vehicle and the vehicle should be well padded with beddings to minimize discomfort.
And that’s how to start a cow fattening business in Nigeria. Download the free business plan here.
How To Download Cow Fattening Business Plan Template PDF and Doc (with financial analysis)
Above is a part of the Cow fattening business plan template in Nigerian. In case you need the complete business plan, follow the procedures to download it.
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